AD 105

Stay part of the CEPI community!

Do you want to receive updates from the pioneers behind Europe’s circular bioeconomy? You can join the CEPI community simply by clicking below and you will be the first to receive our event invitations, press releases, our newsletter (CEPI Members and Partners only) etc. More on our data privacy and cookie policy can be read. here

AD 105

China: birthplace of paper

The birth of paper, as we know it today, took place under the Chinese Han Dynasty in AD 105. Ts'ai Lun, a court official, invented a papermaking process which primarily used rags (textile waste) as the raw material with which to make paper.

Chinese papermakers subsequently developed a number of specialities such as sized (paper with special surface properties), coated and dyed paper. Further advances saw paper designed to be resistant to insects and the use of a fibre-yielding plant - bamboo - de-fibred by cooking.

Papermaking and innovation went hand-in-hand and the papermakers enabled China to develop its civilisation more rapidly, but they did encounter problems satisfying the growing demand for paper for governmental administration.