Pulping properties of hardwoods and softwood

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Pulping properties of hardwoods and softwood


Wood pulp made from hardwood and softwood trees has different attributes. In Europe, hardwoods account for 29% and softwoods 71% of wood consumption. 


  Hardwood Trees
Softwood Trees
Type of tree
Oaks, beeches, poplars, birches and eucalyptus Mainly pine and spruce
Usage In Europe it is mostly birches (found in Sweden, Norway, the UK and Spain) and eucalyptus (found in Portugal, Spain and Norway) that are used for papermaking. In Europe pine is found in the UK, Norway, Finland, France, Spain, Portugal and Greece. Spruce is found in the UK, Finland, Norway and Sweden.
Type of fibre Short


Average length of fibres 1mm 3mm
Features Achieving bulk, smoothness, opacity Providing additional strength. Also suitable for writing and printing
Typical Products Writing papers, printing papers, tissue papers

Shipping containers, grocery bags, corrugated boxes



Hardwood and softwood fibres can be blended into a single paper, to achieve a desired combination of strength, whiteness, writing surface or other required characteristics.

The mixed characteristics of recovered fibres makes them particularly suited to applications such as newsprint and increasingly, packaging. Many different types of paper are included in recovered paper.