Paper & Beyond, 2018
Pulping properties of hardwoods and softwood
Wood pulp made from hardwood and softwood trees has different attributes. In Europe, hardwoods account for 29% and softwoods 71% of wood consumption.
|Type of tree
||Oaks, beeches, poplars, birches and eucalyptus||Mainly pine and spruce|
|Usage||In Europe it is mostly birches (found in Sweden, Norway, the UK and Spain) and eucalyptus (found in Portugal, Spain and Norway) that are used for papermaking.||In Europe pine is found in the UK, Norway, Finland, France, Spain, Portugal and Greece. Spruce is found in the UK, Finland, Norway and Sweden.|
|Type of fibre||Short||
|Average length of fibres||1mm||3mm|
|Features||Achieving bulk, smoothness, opacity||Providing additional strength. Also suitable for writing and printing|
|Typical Products||Writing papers, printing papers, tissue papers||
Shipping containers, grocery bags, corrugated boxes
Hardwood and softwood fibres can be blended into a single paper, to achieve a desired combination of strength, whiteness, writing surface or other required characteristics.
The mixed characteristics of recovered fibres makes them particularly suited to applications such as newsprint and increasingly, packaging. Many different types of paper are included in recovered paper.