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Welcome to the CEPI Media Centre – a one-stop shop for up to date information on the policy developments affecting the European paper industry.

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Detailed overview of the policy topics CEPI works on and the corresponding Directors/Managers who deal with them.

 

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Adding ambition to the Circular Economy package - an infographic

The paper value chain's three key messages

 

 

Paper recycling in Europe at 71.7% !

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Press Release | 15 Apr.2015

CEPI announces new event partnership with PRIMA

Today the Confederation of European Paper Industries (CEPI) announced a new event partnership with PRIMA, the Paper & Related Industries Marketing Association. The partnership will translate into a mutual promotion of both the European Paper Week as well as the Annual PRIMA conference. In addition, CEPI members will benefit from a members participation fee to the PRIMA annual conference.


The two annual events not only take place within six months of each other, they also complement each other in terms of content. PRIMA conferences offer a professional forum to update existing knowledge and to broaden one’s horizon regarding the various sectors of the forest products network as well as an excellent networking opportunity. The European Paper Week primarily focuses on the hottest issues affecting the European pulp and paper industry on a European level. “This partnership will offer our members the possibility to view a complete spectrum of our industry’s current state, on all levels. This can only be beneficial for all”, says CEPI Director General Marco Mensink.


PRIMA's Annual Conference will take place in Graz, Austria on 18-19 May 2015 and the European Paper Week in Brussels on 17-19 November 2015. To find out more about both events, go to http://www.prima-beyond-information.org/ and http://www.cepi.org/epw respectively.


For more information, please contact Annie Xystouris at a.xystouris@cepi.org, or +32 4 862 43 642.


Note to the Editor

CEPI aisbl - The Confederation of European Paper Industries
The Confederation of European Paper Industries (CEPI) is a Brussels-based non-profit organisation regrouping the European pulp and paper industry and championing industry’s achievements and the benefits of its products. Through its 18 member countries (17 European Union members plus Norway) CEPI represents some 515 pulp, paper and board producing companies across Europe, ranging from small and medium sized companies to multi-nationals, and 940 paper mills. Together they represent 23% of world production.

PRIMA
PRIMA (Paper and Related Industries Marketing Association) is an independent non-profit organisation that has been promoting mutual understanding throughout the entire forest products value chain – from forestry, minerals and chemicals companies through pulp and paper makers to merchants, publishers, printers, packaging producers and consumers of paper and board products – for more than four decades. PRIMA provides the platform for spreading business understanding and competence and enabling first-rate networking by bringing together members of the value chain in a transparent, legal and honest way at industry and customer conferences with high repeat-attendance figures.
 

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Press Release | 31 Mar.2015

European paper industry partners with Pöyry

The Confederation of European Paper Industries (CEPI) is pleased to announce a new partnership with Pöyry. The partnership will allow CEPI and Pöyry to work more closely together, particularly in the areas of innovation and bioeconomy. In addition, it will reinforce Pöyry’s presence both at the European Paper Week as well as other events organised by CEPI.


Pöyry is an international consulting and engineering company providing services across the full project lifecycle and helping to solve the challenges faced by the world’s toughest industries. By becoming a CEPI Partner, Pöyry joins Buckman, Omya and Voith. “We are very excited to have Pöyry on board and we very much look forward to a fruitful collaboration”, says CEPI Director General Marco Mensink.


CEPI’s partnership programme is currently open to machine and chemical suppliers active in the pulp, paper or board industry with a direct link to paper manufacturing. It was first launched in 2011 and aims at exchanging technical information and expertise as well as promoting common interests.


For more information, please contact Annie Xystouris at a.xystouris@cepi.org mobile: +32(0)486 243 642.


Note to the Editor

CEPI aisbl - The Confederation of European Paper Industries
The Confederation of European Paper Industries (CEPI) is a Brussels-based non-profit organisation regrouping the European pulp and paper industry and championing industry’s achievements and the benefits of its products. Through its 18 member countries (17 European Union members plus Norway) CEPI represents some 515 pulp, paper and board producing companies across Europe, ranging from small and medium sized companies to multi-nationals, and 940 paper mills. Together they represent 23% of world production.

About Pöyry
Pöyry is an international consulting and engineering company. We serve clients globally across the energy and industrial sectors and provide local services in our core markets. We deliver management consulting and engineering services, underpinned by strong project implementation capability and expertise. Our focus sectors are power generation, transmission & distribution, forest industry, chemicals & biorefining, mining & metals, transportation and water. Pöyry has an extensive local office network employing about 6,000 experts. Pöyry's net sales in 2014 were EUR 571 million and the company's shares are quoted on NASDAQ OMX Helsinki (Pöyry PLC: POY1V).

Website: http://www.poyry.com/

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Position paper | 19 Mar.2015

Consultation response on the revision of the EU Emission Trading System (EU ETS) Directive

Background: On 24 October 2014, the European Council agreed on the 2030 framework for climate and energy, including a binding domestic target for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of at least 40% in 2030 as compared to 1990. To meet this target, the European Council agreed that the emissions in the EU Emission Trading System should be reduced, compared to 2005, by 43%. A reformed EU ETS remains the main instrument to achieve the emission reduction target. The cap will decline based on an annual linear reduction factor of 2.2% (instead of the current 1.74%) from 2021 onwards, to achieve the necessary emission reductions in the EU ETS. The European Council furthermore gave strategic guidance on several issues regarding the implementation of the emission reduction target, namely free allocation to industry, the establishment of a modernisation and an innovation fund, optional free allocation of allowances to modernise electricity generation in some Member States.

The strategic guidance given by European leaders on these elements will be translated into a legislative proposal to revise the EU ETS for the period post-2020. This constitutes an important part of the work on the achievement of a resilient Energy Union with a forward looking climate change policy, which has been identified as a key policy area in President Juncker's political guidelines for the new Commission.

The purpose of this stakeholder consultation was to gather stakeholders' views on these elements.

CEPI's Key messages :

- The ETS in general, and the benchmarks in particular, should reward installations and sectors reducing GHG emissions, without penalising early movers, new investment made, and low-carbon economic growth. Fiscal and legislative stability and predictability are needed to enable investments in low-carbon technologies.
- The pulp and paper industry cannot pass through carbon costs to its customers: the global market of export goods sets prices, not the production costs of the European industry. This can be easily verified by the lack of correlation between carbon prices and final product prices.
- For “direct carbon costs”, free allocation is a necessary condition but not sufficient to avoid carbon leakage: support mechanisms should be set up to help the EU industry improve its energy efficiency and reduce its GHG emissions.
- Concerning “indirect carbon costs”, it would be better for a mandatory and harmonised EU-wide compensation scheme to address the impact of rising electricity costs due to ETS in all Member States. Financing of compensation schemes should include also, but not be limited to, auctioning revenues from ETS.
- Support for innovation in industry should not come at the expenses of carbon leakage protection: funding for innovation will have to come on top of free allowances for industry. It should be directed to directly finance large-scale demo and pilot projects, as well projects close to commercialisation stage (TRL 6-8). These are high risk, high capital investments where the private sector would not be able to deliver without the backing of public financing.
- The role that European industry plays in the circular economy and in the bioeconomy is of strategic importance for Europe’s access to raw materials and reducing Europe’s carbon footprint. This should be acknowledged when reviewing the EU ETS, by addressing the ETS impact on prices and availability of raw material, such as wood.
 

Read the full reponse.

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Position paper | 28 Nov.2014

CEPI welcomes Commission intentions for meaningful recycling in Europe and identifies enabling measures for meeting ambitious targets

UPDATE: The Commission has recently announced the withdrawal of the waste targets review and will publish a new proposal in the course of 2015.

Comments by CEPI on the European Commission proposal for a DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL amending Directives 2008/98/EC on waste, 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste, 1999/31/EC on the landfill of waste, 2000/53/EC on end-of-life vehicles, 2006/66/EC on batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators, and 2012/19/EU on waste electrical and electronic equipment /* COM/2014/0397 final - 2014/0201 (COD)

Summary

• Recycling Targets must be ambitious but realistic to increase collection in an environment where some Member States have already reached high recycling rates. Member States should set their target for paper packaging recycling at a minimum of 80% by 2020.
• Packaging Recycling targets in Europe should not discriminate between the different consumer packaging materials
• The proposed methodology to calculate recycling rates can favour high quality recycling but it should refer to material specific standards or similar quality assurances. For paper, the input method should continue to apply under strict input quality criteria, including for exports
• Incineration restrictions and separate paper collection obligations are needed as complementary measures to ensure recyclable paper diverted from landfills gets actually recycled.
• Final recycling must be clearly defined to ensure targets are meaningful and can be compared between Member States.

Recycling Targets: Minimum targets for Paper Packaging Recycling Rates should be set at 80% by 2020 in all Member States


European Paper Industry is a world champion in recycling, but reaching new targets will be increasingly challenging as several Member States have already reached recycling rates close to the theoretical potential of paper recycling. The average European Paper Recycling rate was 71,7% in 2013 and the sector has set a target of 70% recycling rate by 2015. The recycling rate has increased significantly from levels around 40% in 1990 and 62% in 2005, but has started levelling up since the last five years. As we reach the absolute potentials of paper recycling in some Member States, setting ambitious targets in all Member States is crucial to further stipulate recycling in less than average performing countries. Too ambitious average targets alone will however not be sufficient to reach the objectives set out in the circular economy communication. Further improvement of the paper and board packaging recycling rate will largely depend on progress in less than average performing countries. CEPI therefore proposes that all Member States set their target for paper packaging recycling at a minimum of 80% by 2020. Concrete targets for 2025 and 2030 should be set once the performance based on the proposed methodology and progress towards 2020 targets is assessed, e.g. through the newly proposed early warning system.
Recycling targets in Europe should not discriminate between consumer packaging materials and one material should not compensate for others in a Member State’s calculation of all packaging waste prepared for re-use and recycled. Recyclability and the recycling performance have increasingly become key aspects in the competition between consumer packaging materials.


Calculation Methodology : for paper, the input method should continue to apply under strict input quality criteria
CEPI welcomes the Commission’s intention to set the focus on high quality recycling. The recycling process can only deliver efficiently produced high quality recycled products if the input to this final recycling process fulfills strict quality requirements, too. The Commission proposal rightly distinguishes between final recycling processes with « clean » input material, for which the input method would continue to be applied, and final recycling processes with lesser quality material, for which the output method would have to be applied. CEPI understands the proposed discarded materials as non-target material that is not part of the original product and can be separated in dry sorting.
In the production of recycled paper, the input material for the recycling process is covered by a European Standard (EN 643). This standard sets limits on the share of non-paper components generally not exceeding 1,5%. CEPI is therefore of the opinion that for paper, the input method should continue to apply. However, the Commission proposal leaves too much room for interpretation and should refer to European Standards or similar quality assurances.
Paper for Recycling exported outside the European Union should count towards the recycling rate provided it meets the EN 643 standard and is effectively recycled outside Europe at broadly equivalent environmental conditions as in the EU. This should be demonstrated by a certification scheme as it is being considered by the European Commission and which would include in its scope the reprocessing site in the destination country and ensure traceability through adequate documentation.
Furthermore, it is of great importance that the denominator for the calculation of the recycling rates is identical in all Member States to allow for comparison.

Complementary measures to reach recycling targets
To reach high recycling targets based on the proposed new methodology, complementary measures next to the introduction of a landfill ban are however essential:


Incineration restrictions
CEPI welcomes the introduction of a landfill ban for recyclable waste. However, CEPI thinks that formulating a landfill ban for recyclable material and high recycling targets is not sufficient to reach the objectives. CEPI therefore thinks it is needed to formulate incineration restrictions for recyclable material from the municipal waste stream. This is to avoid waste is only shifted one step up in the waste hierarchy. In the past, several Member States have set the focus on diversion from landfill. This has partly led to low quality collection systems, which would not be able to deliver the input quality to recycling processes according to the new methodology as suggested bythe Commission proposal.

Obligation to collect paper separately from other recyclables and residual waste
To ensure reaching the required quality input for paper recycling processes, paper should be collected separately from other recyclables such as plastics, metal and glass, and from residual waste. The Waste Directive of 2008 has formulated a separate collection target in 2008, however Member States have interpreted this requirement in different ways. CEPI therefore urges the Commission to reinforce the requirement on separate collection for paper. Separate collection is crucial to achieve the landfill restrictions proposed by the commission.


Current recycling definition is too vague
The current definition of recycling is too vague, as it includes next to “reprocessing” also “any other recovery operations”. This leads to a wide range of interpretations, including on the recycling rate, between countries and materials. The only way to ensure material that has been discarded is effectively back in the circular economy is to make sure it is not recognized recycled unless it is reprocessed in a production process into new products, materials or substances that have comparable properties to the corresponding virgin raw materials. The proposed methodology for high quality recycling cannot be reached without a precise recycling definition. Article 3 (17) of directive 2008/98/EC should be amended as follows :


• ‘recycling’ means any recovery operation by which waste materials are reprocessed into products, materials or substances whether for the original or other purposes. It includes the reprocessing of organic material but does not include energy recovery and the reprocessing into materials that are to be used as fuels or for backfilling operations; ‘final recycling’ means reprocessing in a production process of waste or materials reclaimed from waste into products, materials or substances with similar properties as the equivalent virgin raw material based product, material or substance. It excludes pre-processing.


Next to these measures, CEPI has the following comments on the Commission proposal:
Extended Producer Responsibility : CEPI believes that the proposed provisions of Annex VII paragraph 6.1 and 6.4 place disproportionate financial burden on producers and cover aspects beyond the producers’ control. Putting the burden of « financial contributions to cover the entire cost of waste management… » would act as a disincentive for other actors with roles and responsibilities in the waste collection and sorting chain to focus on cost efficiency. Consequently the competitiveness of European economy would be harmed. CEPI believes that extended producer responsibility should not allow overlapping and duplicating payments: fees should only apply in absence of action when responsibility is delegated to compliance schemes, and fees should be charged on the basis of true cost after the deduction of all fees and revenues related to the waste generated. CEPI also believes Annex VII concerning minimum requirements for EPR should not be amended through the adoption of delegated acts since they are an essential part of the legislation.
Renewability : CEPI is concerned that the Commission published a proposal on the circular economy without mentioning renewability. CEPI believes that the contribution of renewable materials and products to the circular economy should be acknowledged, e.g. by adding renewability to the packaging eco-design options for Member States consideration. CEPI believes that such a non-binding list of ecodesign options is preferred over national packaging design requirements as proposed by the Commission as the latter would undermine the single market by producing barriers to trade.
Definition of Municipal Waste : The definition of municipal waste should not include material from the retail sector. The collection of waste from the retail sector is already well organised. Including the retail sector would divert the focus from the challenge of improving the waste collection from households and small shops.


For more information, please contact Mr. Ulrich Leberle at (u.leberle@cepi.org), mobile n°: +32 479 905 921

 

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publications | 04 Mar.2015

Adding ambition to the Circular Economy package - an infographic

CEPI, together with FEFCO have produced this inforgraphic with three key messages and tasks, showing how to add ambition to the circular economy package.

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publications | 01 Mar.2015

Systematic derivation of Correction Factors (CFs) to relate chemical migration levels from paper and board into foods

Food contact applications represent an important part of the paper and board packaging sector.
CEPI’s activity in this field aims at ensuring that this sector can continue to supply its products in a market that is increasingly controlled by regulation, food scares and customer demands. CEPI’s view is to protect businesses, while increasing consumer safety.

In the EU, food contact materials and articles shall comply with the framework Regulation 1935/04.More specifically, the Regulation’s main principle is that they should not “transfer their constituents to food in quantities which could endanger human health or bring about an unacceptable change in the composition or a deterioration of the organoleptic characteristics of the foods”.

Therefore, the focus is on the transfer of constituents, verified via the so-called “migration tests”.
These tests imply the use of food simulants that mimic the behaviour of a certain food (or a class of foods) with respect to its capability to absorb the substances that may be transferred (may migrate) from the packaging.

In many cases, the real behaviour of a material/article may be over- or under-estimated by carrying out tests with the use of simulants. Consequently, Correction Factors should be used so that the migration test results are aligned with the real situation and to ensure that the safety assessment is precise.

In other words, Correction Factors aim at relating migration levels into food with migration levels obtained with the food simulants or extraction solvents used in simplified and standardised test procedures. The use of Correction Factors is envisaged in the EU legislation.

CEPI, with DG Sanco’s guidance, funded a research work on Correction Factors carried out by Laurence Castle, a well-known and estimated scientist, active in the field of food contact materials since many years. Laurence works at FERA, the UK Food and Environment Research Agency.

The report includes a review of published research works along with any unpublished reports on the topic of Correction Factors provided for this review by CEPI. The aim was to relate chemical migration levels from paper and board into foods, with the migration or extraction values obtained using food simulants or solvents, as well as to propose a set of Correction Factors, where justified. The CEPI Food Contact Group has given its support to this work by providing comments in the report’s review phase.

The set of information contained in this work will be one of the tools to be used in the discussion with EU authorities on a specific, EU-harmonised regulation on paper and board for food contact that CEPI is currently advocating for.

 

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