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Here's an explanation of all the abbreviations you can find in our publications:


Allowances/T: benchmark allowances calculated for the emissions trading system divided by tonnes
AOX: Absorbable Organo-halogens


BAT: Best Available Technique
BOD: Biological Oxygen Demand
BREF: Best Available Techniques Reference Document


CBD: Convention of Biological Diversity
CEN: European Committee for Standardization
CHP: Combined Heat and Power
CITES: Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
CO2: Carbon dioxide
CoC: Chain of Custody
COD: Chemical Oxygen Demand


EEA: European Economic Area
EEA: European Environment Agency
EMAS: European Union Eco-Management and Audit Scheme
EMAS/ISO 14001: Eco-Management and Audit Scheme
EMCEF: European Mine, Chemical and Energy Workers’ Federation
EMS: Environmental Management System(s)
ENGO(s): Environmental Non-Governmental Organisation(s)


FAO: Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations
FSC: Forest Stewardship Council
FTP: Forest-based sector technology platform


GIS: Geographic Information System
GDP: Gross Domestic Product
GHG: Greenhouse gas emissions
GMO: Genetically Modified Organism


ICFPA: International Council of Forest and Paper Associations
ICT: Information and Communication Technology
IFC: International Finance Corporation
ILO: International Labour Organisation
IMO: International Maritime Organisation
IIIEE: International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics, Lund, Sweden
IPCC: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPPC: Integrated Pollution Prevention Control
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ISO 14001: The international standard for an environmental management system
IUCN: International Union for Conservation of Nature


JPC: Jaakko Poyry Consulting


LNG: Liquefied Natural Gas
LULUCF: Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry


MCPFE: Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe
MWH/T: Mega watt hour divided by tonne of product


NGO: Non-Governmental Organisation
NOx: Nitrogen Oxides, including nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2)


PEBLDS: Pan-European Biological and Landscape Diversity Strategy
PEFC: Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (schemes)
PPI: Pulp and Paper Industry


RES: Renewable Energy Sources


SAC: Special Areas of Conservation
SAP: Species Action Plan
SO2: Sulphur dioxide
SPA(‘s): Special Protection Area(‘s)


TBFRA: Temperate and Boreal Forest Resource Assessment
TJ/KT: Terra Joules divided by kilo tonne of product


UNFCCC: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change


WBCSD: World Business Council on Sustainable Development